President of Switzerland
Micheline Calmy-Rey, President of the Swiss Confederation (since Dec 10, 2010)
Micheline Calmy-Rey was born in Sion in Canton Valais on 8 July 1945 . She is married with two children and has a degree in political science from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva.
For 20 years she ran a book distribution business. In 1979, she joined the Socialist Party of Geneva, which she later served as president for two terms. As a deputy in the Grand Conseil, or cantonal legislature, she took an interest in public finance, and when she became a member of the cantonal government in 1998, she took over as head of the Department of Finance. In four years, she achieved her goal through a thorough restructuring of the Department’s services. She also successfully oversaw the restructuring of the Cantonal Bank of Geneva which was burdened by a large volume of non-performing loans.
Micheline Calmy-Rey was elected to the Swiss Federal Council on 4 December 2002 and was appointed as head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA). She pursues an active foreign policy marked by a commitment to promoting peace, respect for international law and human rights, and the fight against poverty. The aim of this policy is to ensure security and well-being for all Swiss citizens.
In 2007, Micheline Calmy-Rey was President of the Confederation.
On December 10, 2010, Parliament elected Micheline Calmy-Rey as President for 2011 (106 of 189 votes).
Click here to view MICHELINE CALMY-REY’s CV.
Doris Leuthard, Former President of the Swiss Confederation
Prior to assuming her current position as Head of the FDEA on 1 August 2006, Mrs. Leuthard had been a member of the National Council for seven years and President of the Christian Democratic People’s Party from 2004. During her time in the National Council, she was a member of the committees for legal affairs, political institutions, judicial affairs and economic affairs and taxation.
Mrs. Leuthard was born in 1963 and is a lawyer by training. She is married to Dr. Roland Hausin, a research chemist.
Hans-Rudolf Merz, Former President of the Swiss Confederation
Hans-Rudolf Merz was born in Herisau on 10 November 1942 (and is a citizen of Beinwil am See). After attending primary school and secondary school in Herisau and high school in Trogen, he went to the University of St. Gallen. He completed his studies in 1971 with a dissertation on the subject of “Financial assets and administrative assets from the standpoint of public law and economics”, and was awarded a doctorate in political sciences. Between 1967 and 1969, he also held the post of Assistant Lecturer at the Institute of Public Finance and Fiscal Law at the University of St. Gallen.
After leaving university, Hans-Rudolf Merz worked as Secretary of the FDP St. Gallen between 1969 and 1974 and also as managing director of the Appenzell Ausserrhoden Industrial Association. At the same time, he was manager of the Herisau Sports Centre. This was followed by a post as Deputy Director of UBS’s Wolfsberg Executive Development Centre between 1974 and 1977. Between 1977 and 2003, Mr Merz worked as an independent business consultant and was on the board of various Swiss industrial and services companies. His field of activity covered the Middle East, South Africa, Latin America and Europe. As a business consultant he specialised in the recruitment and training of senior management together with corporate development.
Before being elected to the Federal Council, Hans-Rudolf Merz was Chairman of the Board of Directors for Helvetia Patria Insurance AG, St. Gallen, Cilander Textile Finishing AG, Herisau and the holding company Anova Holding AG, Hurden. Furthermore up until the end of 2003, he also held directorships in Hüber + Suhner AG, Herisau, Concast Holding AG, Zurich and Steinegg Holding AG, Herisau. Before this he had been Chairman of Spinnerei Streiff AG in Aathal and Chairman of the Appenzell Ausserrhoden Cantonal Bank where he was responsible for the reorganisation and sale of the bank to the Union Bank of Switzerland. He has also held directorships in Schmidt-Agence AG, Schläpfer AG Appenzeller-Zeitung and SIG AG, Neuhausen.
In 1997 Hans-Rudolf Merz was elected to the Council of States as a representative of Appenzell Ausserrhoden where, as a member of the Radical Free Democratic Party (FDP), he chaired the Finance Committee and was a member of the Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Committees. In addition, he was vice-president of the OSCE delegation. He was elected to the Federal Council in December 2003. Since taking office at the start of 2004, Mr. Merz has been head of the Federal Department of Finance (FDF). On 10 December 2008, he was elected President of the Swiss Confederation for 2009 by the United Federal Assembly.
Hans-Rudolf Merz is married and the father of three grown-up sons. Culture and sport are the mainstay of his spare time activities. His hobbies include opera, jazz, cultural history, literature and ice hockey. Before being elected to the Federal Council, he was president of the Folklore Museum in Stein in Appenzell Ausserrhoden and the Ferdinand Gehr Foundation in St. Gallen, as well as being a member of the Board of Directors of the St. Gallen City Theatre and a trustee of the Steinegg Foundation. For many years he was also president of the Herisau Ice Skating Club.
In the army, Hans-Rudolf Merz held the rank of Major.
Micheline Calmy-Rey, Former President of Switzerland
Micheline Calmy-Rey (born July 8, 1945) is a Swiss politician, member of the Swiss Federal Council since 2003. She is head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (the Swiss foreign minister) and President of the Confederation for 2007.
Early life and education
Calmy-Rey was born in Sion in the canton of Valais to Charles and Adeline Rey. She received her diploma in 1963 in St. Maurice, and received a degree in political science at the Institut de hautes études internationales (HEI) (Graduate Institute of International Studies) in 1968. In 1966 she married André Calmy. They have two children.
From 1981-1997 Calmy-Rey served as a Congresswoman in the Grand Conseil of the canton of Geneva as a member of the Social Democratic Party (PSS/SPS), and served as president of the assembly during 1992-1993. She was president of the Geneva section of the party from 1986-1990 and again from 1993-1997. In 1997, Calmy-Rey was elected to the Conseil d’Etat of Geneva. In 2001 she became head of the Finance Department and president of the Conseil d’Etat.
She was elected on December 4, 2002 to the Federal Council, heading the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. Calmy-Rey is only the fourth woman elected to the Federal Council in history. On December 7, 2005 she was elected Vice-President of Switzerland, a post she held for the calendar year of 2006.
In 2007 she will be the second female President of the Confederation in history, the first having been her predecessor on the Federal Council, Ruth Dreifuss. She was elected as President on 13 December 2006 by 147 votes.